15 African Countries with the Best Road Network
According to the African Development Bank’s Annual Development Effectiveness Review, Africa is considered to be the fastest-growing continent in the world. Infrastructure plays a significant role in the development of any nation and its overall economic growth. As of 2021, here are 15 African countries with the best roads.
15. Ivory Coast.
Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d’Ivoire, is a country located in West Africa. It’s political capital is Yamoussoukro while its economic capital and largest city is Abidjan. The official language of the country is French, with local indigenous languages also being widely used.
With beach resorts and rainforests as far as the eye can see, Côte d’Ivoire is the country with the 15th best road network on the African continent. The country invests remarkably in its transport system. Transport Infrastructures in Ivory Coast are much more developed than they are in other West African countries.
Countries like Burkina Faso, Mali, and Guinea strongly depend on the Ivorian transport network for the importation and exportation of goods and services. Before its colonization by Europeans, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including the Gyaaman and the Kong Empire. The country achieved it’s independence in 1960.
Seychelles is an archipelagic island country in the Indian Ocean. The country consists of 115 islands with its capital and largest city being Victoria. Seychelles has the lowest population of about 94,223 people, with an area of 459 square kilometers.
Seychellois culture and society is an eclectic mix of French, British, and African influences, with more recent infusions of Chinese and Indian elements. The country has the 14th best road network in Africa. The total length of both the primary and secondary roads in Seychelles has increased significantly since 2012 from 515km to over 550km in 2021.
Seychelles boasts of the highest nominal per capita GDP of any African nation. It has one of the best education systems on the African continent and is the only country in the continent with a very high Human Development Index.
13. Cape Verde.
Cape Verde is an island country in the central Atlantic Ocean. Cape Verde is the 5th smallest country on the African continent. Like Seychelles, the island was also uninhabited until the 15th century, when Portuguese explorers discovered and colonized it.
Its population of around 550,000 is mostly of mixed African and European heritage. Since the early 1990s, Cape Verde remains one of the most developed and democratic countries in Africa. Lacking natural resources, Its developing economy is mostly service-oriented, with a growing focus on tourism and foreign investment.
As of 2021, Cape Verde has the 13th best road network in Africa. The total length of the national road network is 1,113 km while the total length of the municipal road networks is 537 km. Cape Verde was once a center of the Atlantic slave-trade in the 19th century. Today, it has become an important commercial center with one of the best roads on the continent.
Eswatini is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh smallest country in Africa with its population composed primarily of ethnic Swazis. Eswatini covers an area of 17,364 square kilometers and has a population of over 1.6 million people
Governed under an absolute monarchy. Swaziland got independence in 1968 from Britain. The prime minister is the head of the government, and the king is the head of the state. Ranked to have the 12th best roads in Africa, Eswatini is a developing country with a small economy.
It is classified as a country with a lower-middle income. The population of Eswatini is young, with a median age of 20 years and people aged 14 years or younger make up 37.5% of the country’s total population. Since 2009, education is free at the primary level, mainly grades 1 through 4, and is also free for orphaned and vulnerable children.
Ghana is a country along the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km2, Ghana’s neighbors are Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, and Togo. The country has a population of approximately 30 million which spans an array of ethnic and linguistic groups.
According to census, 71.2% of the population is Christian, 17.6% is Muslim, and 5.2% practiced traditional faiths. Ranked as the eleventh country with the best roads in Africa. Roads in Ghana form a network of varied quality and capacity.
It’s 13,367 km of trunk roads accounts for 33% of the total road network of 40,186 km. Rich in Gold, Ghana is also one of the most democratic and peaceful nations in Africa. The country is known as the gateway to Africa due to its location on the map.
Algeria is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. The capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the far north of the country. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometers, Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest by area in the African Union and the Arab world, with an estimated population of over 44 million.
This North African country is famous for producing some of the best dates in the world. Algeria is also ranked to have the tenth best road network in Africa. As the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa and in the Mediterranean region, Algeria has a vast transportation system that includes a large transportation infrastructure.
The country is a regional and middle power. It has the highest human development index of all non-island African countries, and one of the largest economies on the continent, based largely on energy exports. Algeria also has the 16th largest oil reserves in the world, and the second largest in Africa.
Tanzania is a country in East Africa. It is the largest East African nation, some of it’s neighbors are Uganda, Kenya, the Comoro Islands, Mozambique, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Tanzania is home to Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain.
The country has a population estimated at 56.5 million, the population is composed of about 120 ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. Tanzania has the ninth best roads in Africa and is ranked as the 58th most peaceful country in the world. The road network in Tanzania is 86,472 kilometers long, of which 12,786 kilometers is classified as trunk road, and 21,105 kilometers as regional road.
Apart from the peace and tranquility associated with this stunning east African country. Dar es Salaam, the former capital, remains one of the most significant cities on the African continent. The city is known for it’s peaceful streets and friendly residents.
Senegal is a country in West Africa. Its neighbors are Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, The Gambia, and Cape Verde. Senegal’s economic and political capital is Dakar. It is classified as one of Africa’s happiest nation and is ranked 111 globally.
Senegal also boosts of having the eight best road networks in Africa. The system of roads in Senegal is extensive by West African standards, with paved roads reaching each corner of the country and all major towns.
Senegal is a member state of the African Union, the United Nations, the Economic Community of West African States, and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States. Most of the population of 16.3 million is on the coast and works in agriculture or other food industries. Other major sectors in the country include mining, tourism, and the service industry.
Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. At 580,367 square kilometers, Kenya is the world’s 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 47.6 million people, Kenya is the 29th most populous country. Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
Kenya’s capital and largest city is Nairobi, while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third largest city in Kenya and is also an inland port on Lake Victoria. As of 2021, Kenya has the seventh best roads in Africa.
It has the third largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa, and is rated to be one of the cheapest countries on the continent as it is 45% cheaper than the USA, and Nairobi its largest city, is 50% cheaper than London.
6. South Africa.
South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. It is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 59 million people, the largest city in South Africa is Johannesburg.
Ranked as the country with the sixth best roads in Africa, South Africa is experiencing a steady rise in infrastructural development. South Africa remains the most popular choice for safari travel, and is one of the most visited countries on the continent.
The country has some of the continents most fascinating national parks and animal reserves with excellent reception facilities. The beauty of the countryside, magnificent exteriors, sunny climate, and the cultural diversity, all make South Africa one of the continent’s most developed countries.
Morocco is a country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Morocco spans an area of 710,850 km2 and has a population of over 36 million. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, with land borders with Algeria to the east. The capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca.
As the 5th country with the best road network in Africa, Morocco offers some of the best standards of living on the continent. There are around 56,986 km of roads in Morocco, in addition to 1,808 km of highways. This beautiful country is one of Africa’s wealthiest, and has some of its most spectacular scenery.
Morocco’s predominant religion is Islam, and its official languages are Arabic and Berber, the latter achieving official recognition in 2011. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, Sephardi Jews, West African, and European influences. It is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean, and the African Union.
Mauritius, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, about 2,000 kilometers off the southeast coast of the African continent. Owing to its geographic location and centuries of colonialism, the people of Mauritius are highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language, and faith.
An island bursting with color, Mauritius is so much more than a beach destination. With rich, green rainforests, craggy mountains, silvery waterfalls, and a diverse and delicious foodie scene, there’s plenty to enjoy in this fascinating African country.
Apart from having one of the best roads on the continent, Mauritius is also ranked as the most peaceful African country. Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna, with many species endemic to the island.
Rwanda is a landlocked country in East Africa. One of the smallest countries on the African mainland, its capital city is Kigali. Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a population of over 12.6 million living on 26,338 km2 of land, and is the most densely populated mainland African country.
Rwanda’s population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. Home to the Hutu and Tutsi people. Rwanda has the third best road network in Africa. A country that has been dubbed the Singapore of Africa, Rwanda is one of Africa’s fastest growing economies.
The economy is based mostly on subsistence agriculture. Tourism is a fast-growing sector and is now the country’s leading foreign exchange earner. Music and dance are an integral part of Rwandan culture. Additionally, arts and crafts are produced throughout the country.
Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia. Islam is the official religion of Egypt and Arabic is its official language. With over 100 million inhabitants, Egypt is the most populous country in North Africa, the Middle East, and the Arab world. About half of Egypt’s residents live in urban areas like Cairo, Alexandria, and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Egypt is one country that boost of having one of the best roads in Africa. It is a country for both adventure and history lovers. It offers some of the world’s most amazing wonders, along with natural beauty and ancient temples. The country is also filled by an array of investment opportunities.
Egypt is considered to be a regional power in North Africa, the Middle East and the Muslim world, and a middle power worldwide. It has one of the largest and most diversified economies in the Middle East, which is projected to become one of the largest in the world in the 21st century.
Namibia is a country in Southern Africa. Its neighbors are Zambia, Angola, Botswana, and South Africa. The country gained it’s independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990. The driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, Namibia is the country with the best road network in Africa. In Namibia, the driving standards are fairly high with a good deal of respect for the rules of the road.
The population density in this African nation is the second lowest in the world, second only to Mongolia. Namibia has a population of 2.6 million people and a stable multi-party parliamentary democracy. The country is well known for its safari and wildlife.
In fact, Namibia is home to the world’s largest population of cheetahs and black rhinos. Agriculture, tourism, and the mining industry, including the mining for diamonds, gold, and silver, are the back bone of Namibia’s economy.
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